Buyer's Guide
Lansing Area Real Estate
REAL ESTATE
 
 
Disclosure of Real Estate Agency Relationships in Michigan
From the Michigan Department of Labor and Economic Growth

Before you disclose confidential information to a real estate licensee regarding a real estate transaction you should understand what type of agency relationship you have with that licensee.

Michigan law requires real estate licensees who are acting as agents of sellers or buyers of real property to disclose the potential sellers or buyers with whom they work of the nature of their agency relationship. 

A broker or salesperson may function in any of the following capacities:

  • Represent the seller as an authorized Seller's agent or subagent.
  • Represent the buyer as an authorized Buyer's agent or subagent.
  • Represent both the Seller and Buyer as a disclosed dual agent authorized by both the Seller and Buyer.
  • Represent neither the Seller or Buyer as an agent, but provide services authorized by the Seller or Buyer to complete a transaction as a transaction coordinator .


Seller's Agents

A Sellers agent, under a listing agreement with the Seller, acts solely on behalf of the Seller. A Seller can authorize a Seller's agent to work with subagents, Buyer's agents, and/or transaction coordinators. A subagent of the Seller is one who has agreed to work with the listing agent, and who, like the listing agent, acts solely on behalf of the Seller. Seller's agents and their subagents will disclose to the Seller known information about the Buyer which may be used to the benefit of the Seller.

The duties that a Seller's agent and subagent owe to the Seller include:

  • Promoting the best interests at the Seller.
  • Fully disclosing to the Seller all facts that might affect or influence the Seller's decision to accept an offer to purchase.
  • Keeping confidential the sellers motivations for selling.
  • Presenting all offers to the Seller
  • Disclosing the identities of all Buyers and all Information about the willingness of those Buyers to complete the sale or to offer a higher price.

Buyer's Agents
A Buyer's agent, under a Buyer's agency agreement with the Buyer, acts solely on behalf of the Buyer. A subagent of the Buyer is one who has agreed to work with the Buyer's agent and who, like the Buyer's agent, acts solely on behalf of the Buyer. Buyer's agents and their subagents will disclose to the Buyer known information about the Seller which may be used to benefit the Buyer. The duties a Buyer's agent and subagent owe to the Buyer include:

  • Promoting the best Interests of the Buyer.
  • Fully disclosing to the Buyer all facts that might affect or influence the Buyer's decision to tender an offer to purchase.
  • Keeping confidential the Buyer's motivations for buying.
  • Presenting all offers on behalf of the Buyer.
  • Disclosing to the Buyer all information about the willingness of the Seller to complete the sale or to accept a lower price.


Dual Agency

A real estate licensee can be the agent of both the Seller and the Buyer in a transaction, but only with the knowledge and informed consent, in writing, of both the Seller and the Buyer.

In such a dual agency situation, the licensee will not be able to disclose all known information to either the Seller or the Buyer. As a dual agent, the licensee will not be able to provide the full range of fiduciary duties to the Seller or the Buyer.

The obligations of a dual agent are subject to any specific provisions set forth in any agreement between the dual agent, the Seller and the Buyer.


Designated Agency
A Buyer or Seller with a designated agency agreement is represented only by agents specifically named in the agreement. Any agents of the firm not named in the agreement do not represent the Buyer or Seller. The named "designated" agent acts solely on behalf of his or her client and may only share confidential information about the client with the agents supervisory broker who is also named in the agreement. Other agents in the firm have no duties to the Buyer or Seller and may act solely on behalf of another party in the transaction. 

                                                                    

 
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